Characteristics of survivors of civilian public mass shootings: An Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma multicenter study

The purpose of this study was to describe these characteristics to inform ideal preparation for Civilian Public Mass Shooting events. A multicenter, retrospective study of CPMS survivors who were treated at designated trauma centers from July 1, 1999 to December 31, 2017, was performed. Prehospital and hospital variables were collected. Thirty-one events involving 191 patients were studied. The median number of patients seen per event was 20 (5, 106), distance to each hospital was 6 (6, 10) miles, time to arrival was 56 (37, 90) minutes, number of wounds per patient was 1 (1, 2), and Injury Severity Score was 5 (1, 17). The most common injuries were extremity fracture (37%) and lung parenchyma (14%). Twenty-nine percent of patients did not receive paramedic-level prehospital treatment. Following arrival to the hospital, 27% were discharged from the emergency department, 32% were taken directly to the operating room/interventional radiology, 16% were admitted to the intensive care unit, and 25% were admitted to the ward. Forty percent did not require advanced treatment within 12 hours. The most common operations performed within 12 hours of arrival were orthopedic (15%) and laparotomy (15%). The most common specialties consulted were orthopedics (38%) and mental health (17%). Few CPMS survivors are critically injured. There is significant delay between shooting and transport. Revised triage criteria and a focus on rapid transport of the few severely injured patients are needed.